Pug breed’s history, personality, physical characteristics, and common health conditions.

If a Pug is a member of your family or you are thinking of adding one to your family, then you should learn a little about the breed’s history, personality, physical characteristics, and common health conditions. The glossy coated, short-muzzled face and curled tailed dogs come in different colors and make excellent family members.

History of Pugs 

Pugs were brought to Europe from China back in the 16th century, and the House of Orange popularized the breed in western Europe.

In the 19th century, Queen Victoria and the entire royal family developed a genuine love for Pugs.


Pugs are one of the most social breeds in history and are the most popular breed of the 21st century. In the year 2014, Pugs were tagged the best in show during the world dog show.

Physical Characteristics

Although the Pugs of the 18th century were lean and long, modern breeds are chubby, deeply cheated and have well-developed muscles. The fact that they have glossy and smooth coats that can either be black, apricot fawn or fawn makes them clearly defined. Pugs also have a trace of black line that extends to their tail.

The Pug breed typically have two distinct ear shapes; rose and button. The button ears are folded and large while the rose ears are folded but smaller in size.

The breed is often identified with its wrinkled face and narrow nostrils. Its eyes are large, dark-colored and round.

Pug Health 

Pugs typically live a sedentary life, so they are prone to obesity. Although if they exercise regularly and are placed on a healthy diet this can be avoided.

They usually live for 11 years. This is fair when compared to other breeds of similar size. Throughout their lifespan, they may face the following health challenges;

Common Conditions

As a result of their elongated palates, excitement can lead to reverse sneezing in Pugs. This can, in turn, lead to gasping and snoring. The medical term for this condition is pharyngeal gag reflex, and it can occur when derbies or fluid accumulate under the palate.

Sometimes, Pugs are born with stenotic nares, and this can lead to breathing problems. In some cases, the condition prevents the Pug from breathing properly because it adds pressure on the larynx. On even more severe cases, the dog may pass out from blocked airways.

Another common problem among this breed is eye prolapse. This can be caused by head or neck trauma. Using tight leash can also lead to eye prolapse in Pugs. Some other health conditions of Pugs include; dysplasia, Demodex, necrotizing meningoencephalitis, and hemivertebrae.

Pugs are known to be strong-willed but are rarely aggressive. This makes them suitable for families with young children. Almost every breed is affectionate towards children and sturdy enough to play with them without wounding them. Pugs are also sensitive and intuitive to their owner’s moods and are always eager to please them.

Kevin Bentley

Hi, I’m Kevin Bentley, a dog lover and enthusiast. Though I started out as a cat person, my wife quickly set me on the true path of dog love. Now I’m full-on obsessed with dogs and everything related to dogs. I’ve purchased every dog accessory you can think of, so I decided to collect my thoughts about them on this site.

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