10 Facts You Should Know About Long Hair Chihuahuas (with Pictures)


also Taylor A Ritz For such a small breed, Chihuahuas are immensely popular. Long Hair Chihuahuas are easily distinguished from their short-haired cousins by their fluffier, longer coat. Chihuahuas are intelligent, loyal, loving, and a little stubborn.

1. Where Does the Chihuahua Come From?

There are many stories surrounding the origin of the Chihuahua. The most common theory, however, is that Chihuahuas are descended from the Techichi, a companion dog popular in the Toltec civilization in Mexico. These ancient canines are depicted in cave paintings as far back as 300 B.C. The breed is named for the state of Chihuahua, in Mexico, where they were most commonly found and thought to originate. It is thought that Chihuahuas were bred to hunt rats and other small animals and to be a source of food themselves for civilizations in what is now modern-day Mexico.

2. What Does a Long Hair Chihuahua Look Like?

Chihuahuas are tiny companion dogs with compact bodies. They have large, triangular, erect ears, a short muzzle, and large, bright, round eyes. Long Hair Chihuahuas have longer hair over their entire bodies, but this is especially true on the ears, neck, legs, and tail. Their coats can appear black, brown, tan, red, blue, white, cream, or any combination of those colors. 

3. What Is the Difference Between a Long Hair and Short Hair Chihuahua?

While the difference in hair length is obvious, Long and Short Hair Chihuahuas have another drastic difference: the shape of their heads. While Short Hair Chihuahuas usually have an “apple-shaped” head, Long Hair Chihuahuas tend to favor the “deer-head” appearance. A deer-head shape favors a longer snout and less rounded skull. The United Kingdom Kennel Club even registers Long and Short Hair Chihuahuas as two separate breeds: the Smooth Coat Chihuahua and the Long Coat Chihuahua.

4. How Big Is a Long Hair Chihuahua?

Long Hair Chihuahuas are classified as a toy breed for good reason: they usually weigh around 6 pounds and stand 6 to 9 inches at the withers, or shoulder.

5. What Is The Temperament of a Long Hair Chihuahua?

Chihuahuas are typically nervous, but also loving, playful, and energetic despite their small size. They are dedicated to their families and may focus on one family member in particular. Your Long Hair Chihuahua will often be like a shadow, following you from room to room as you go about your day or even demanding to be held. They want nothing more than to hang out on your lap. Despite their small size, Long Hair Chihuahuas can make great watchdogs. They will be quick to alert you to the presence of strangers near the house and are very observant of their surroundings.  Like any dog, early exposure to as many people, places, and other animals as possible will help create a more well-rounded dog. Long Hair Chihuahuas are not recommended for households with young children, as the dog’s small size makes them prone to injury and their nervous personality can lead to nipping.

6. What Should You Feed Your Long Hair Chihuahua?

Chihuahuas thrive on high-quality dog food that provides a balanced diet. Whether manually or commercially prepared, diets should be tailored appropriately based on your dog’s age (puppy, senior, etc) and activity level. Many dog foods have serving suggestions on their packaging, but monitoring food intake and body condition, as well as consulting with your veterinarian, are all simple ways to make sure your dog is receiving the nutrition he or she requires. Chihuahuas are prone to obesity, so feeding them a measured amount each day is critical to helping them maintain their health.

7. How Much Exercise Does a Long Hair Chihuahua Need?

Despite their small size, Chihuahuas have plenty of energy. Thankfully, their small size means they don’t need a ton of room to burn all that energy. Because they tire relatively quickly, 30 minutes of exercise each day, inside or outside, should be enough to keep your Chihuahua happy. Tiring out your pup will not only help you maintain their weight, but also help them be more well-behaved. If your Chihuahua is playing in an outdoor yard, do not leave them unsupervised. Their small size can make them prone to escaping yards, even if they are fenced, and they can even be carried off by larger birds of prey.

8. How Healthy Is a Long Hair Chihuahua?

Many pure breeds experience health issues. Here are a few health concerns Long Hair Chihuahua owners should be aware of:
  • Allergies
  • Patellar luxation (impacts ability to move the knee joint)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Diabetes 
  • Heart murmur
  • Tooth loss/dental decay
  • Hypothyroidism (thyroid hormone deficiency)
Chihuahuas have a good life expectancy, which is typical for a dog their size, of 13 to 16 years.

9. What Is a Long Hair Toy Chihuahua?

Even though Long Hair Chihuahuas are already extremely small, there exists a toy version of the Long Hair Chihuahua as well. These “teacup” Long Hair Chihuahuas aren’t a separate breed, but instead a smaller dog of the same breed. Unfortunately, the smaller size of these toy dogs comes with a higher risk of many health issues, especially heart disease and dental disease.

10. How Do You Groom a Long Hair Chihuahua?

Long Hair Chihuahuas have characteristic long locks that need to be well cared for. Hygiene and grooming aren’t just for appearances, but also to keep your dog happy and healthy. Brush your Long Hair Chihuahua at least twice a week to mitigate and prevent mats and tangles in their long, soft hair. We highly recommend a metal slicker brush or comb for this task. Separate the coat into smaller sections to work the comb through. Pay special attention to areas such as the underarm, ears, and tail, as these are the most likely to mat. Bathe your Long Hair Chihuahua only as needed, as bathing too often can dry out their skin. Take care not to get water in your Chihuahua’s ears during bathing. You can clean their ears regularly with an antibacterial ear cleaner.

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Taylor Ritz

Taylor has a Bachelor of Science in Animal Science. She is a former zookeeper and animal trainer. She has her own dog, Dobby, with whom she has bicycled across the U.S. and thru-hiked the Long Trail.

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