10 Facts You Should Know About Miki Dogs (with Pictures)


Taylor A Ritz The Miki (pronounced Me-Key) Dog is a tiny, mixed-breed dog whose origins are not precisely known. This affectionate, gentle breed makes a great companion animal for almost any family.

1. Where Does the Miki Dog Come From?

There are many stories surrounding the origin of the Miki Dog. We know the breed shares a common ancestry with the Japanese Chin, Maltese, and Papillon, so most believe the Miki Dog had an Asian origin before appearing in the United States in the 1980s.  The most common theory attributes the breeding of the first Miki Dogs to a woman named Micki Mackin in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. She bred Papillon, Japanese Chin, Maltese, and small Shih Tzus. There may have also been a Papillon/Yorkie mix stud used as well. Mackin did not keep detailed records of her breeding, so the percentage of each breed in the mixture that created the Miki Dog is unknown. Though the dogs are not currently recognized in an official capacity by a kennel club, the International Mi-Ki Registry is petitioning the United Kennel Club for their registry.

2. What Does the Miki Dog Look Like?

Miki Dogs are a toy breed with a small, apple-domed shaped head. They have short, wide muzzles with a well-defined stop. The teeth are level and the eyes are large, round, and set widely apart. Dark eyes are the most desirable, but blue eyes with a blue-colored coat or brown eyes with a brown coat are also acceptable. A Miki’s nose is medium in size, flat on top with wide nostrils. Ears are feathered, can be either erect or dropped, but are usually quite mobile. Feathering is also visible on the forelegs. Their tails are set high, carried upright and arched over the body. Solid coat colors are rare and more highly-prized, but all colors are acceptable.

3. How Big Is a Miki Dog?

Miki Dogs are a member of the toy group. They do not weigh more than 10 pounds. Their height usually measures between 10 and 11 inches at the shoulder. 

4. How Much Does a Miki Dog Eat?

Despite their moderate size, Miki Dogs can have rather large appetites. These dogs can be prone to obesity, so make sure to follow serving-size recommendations from pet food manufacturers or instructions from your veterinarian.  Dry food is better than wet food in terms of dental health, and smaller dogs are known to experience a fair share of oral issues.  

5. What is a Miki Dog’s temperament?

Miki Dogs are smart, friendly, and intelligent. They love to be around people and are great with strangers, children, and other animals. An even-tempered breed, Miki Dogs make fantastic therapy dogs. They are not aggressive or intimidated by other dogs, unlike many other toy breeds.  Like any dog, early exposure to as many people, places, and other animals as possible can only help create a more well-rounded dog. That being said, Miki Dogs rarely develop problems with people or other pets in the household. An interesting fact: Miki Dogs have been known to behave similarly to cats in several respects such as sun-bathing and washing their own coats.

6. How do you train a Miki Dog?

Training and socialization are vital from an early age for any dog. Luckily, Miki Dogs are quite intelligent and eager to please their people, so training is relatively easy. At a minimum, you should teach behaviors such as come, sit, and stay to keep your Miki Dog safe. In addition to keeping them safe, engaging their minds is vital to the health of your Miki Dog; mental exercise can be just as tiring as a physical workout for your dog. Avoid harsh training methods such as shouting or punishment, as these will likely cause your Miki Dog to shut down during a training set. Instead, stick with positive reinforcement and keep training sessions short and fun. If you begin to feel frustrated, end your training session as soon as possible.

7. How Healthy is a Miki Dog?

While mixed-breeds tend to suffer fewer health problems than many pure breeds, Miki Dogs are still prone to a couple of health issues.
  • Obesity: like many small dogs, Miki Dogs can be prone to obesity.
  • Retinal dysplasia: an eye disease concerning malformation of the retina
  • Von Willebrand’s disease: problems with blood clotting
  • Patellar luxation: kneecap dislocation
Miki Dogs mixes have a long life expectancy, typical for a dog their size, between 13 and 15 years.

8. How much exercise does a Miki Dog need?

Despite their small size, Miki Dogs have plenty of energy. Fortunately, their small size means they don’t need a ton of room to burn all that energy and they tire relatively quickly. Thirty minutes of exercise each day, inside or outside, should be enough to keep your Miki Dog happy. Tiring out your pup will not only help you maintain their weight, but a tired dog is also a more well-behaved dog. If playing in an outdoor yard, do not leave your Miki Dog unsupervised. Their tiny size can make them prone to escaping, even if the yard is fenced. They can also be carried off by larger birds of prey.

9. How often do you groom a Miki Dog?

Miki Dogs can have one of two coat types: smooth or long. The smooth coat lies close to the body with no beard or mustache on the face. The ears of a short-coated Miki may have minimal feathering. The long-coated Miki may have a beard and mustache, as well as feathering on the ears, legs, and tail. The long coat is silky, straight, and fine. Whether your Miki Dog has a smooth or long coat, you’ll want to groom them at least once a week.

10. Do Miki Dogs make good pets for a family?

A Miki Dog is incredibly sweet and loving. They bond quite strongly with their human companions and love nothing more than to snuggle up on the laps of their family members. They get along with all other members of the household. Because they have virtually no shedding, these dogs will thrive in an apartment or a house. The Miki Dog makes an excellent, gentle, loving addition to any home.

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Taylor Ritz

Taylor has a Bachelor of Science in Animal Science. She is a former zookeeper and animal trainer. She has her own dog, Dobby, with whom she has bicycled across the U.S. and thru-hiked the Long Trail.

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