Table of Contents
- 1 Wire-Haired Dachshund—All You Need to Know
- 1.1 Coarse-Haired Dachshund–Traits and Looks
- 1.2 Rough-Haired Dachshund Breed History
- 1.3 Wire-Haired Doxie–the Person Behind the Coat
- 1.4 Rough-Coated Dachshund–Training Tricks and Tips
- 1.5 Wiry Doxie—Activity Routine
- 1.6 Harsh-Coat Dachshund’s Beauty Tricks
- 1.7 Wire-Haired Sausage Dog’s Appetite
- 1.8 Keeping Your Wiry Dachshund Healthy
- 1.9 Harsh-Haired Dachshunds as Family Members
- 1.10 Adorable Dachshund Mix Breeds
- 1.11 References
Wire-Haired Dachshund—All You Need to Know
The Wire-Haired Doxie is a variant of the famous Dachshund, one of the most beloved dog breeds in the world. They hold the 12th place on the American Kennel Club’s list of the most popular pets, and they bring joy and happiness to many people in every corner of the planet.
Dachshunds are proud and loyal pups with a strong will and feisty attitude. Their love and devotion to humans are legendary, and so is their unique appearance. Even if you are not a connoisseur, you will recognize a Doxie a mile away. Not even a Picasso could resist these beauties.
With their energy and character, Wire-Haired Dachshund can be a tricky pet, especially for new owners. With proper care, love, and some effort, they will become your best friend forever, and a loyal companion that will make your life more active and fun.
Coarse-Haired Dachshund–Traits and Looks
When it comes to body type, all Doxies are the same. Their most distinctive trait is a long body set on stout, short legs. These pooches stand close to the ground, and the fact that they are elongated and short makes them somewhat funny in appearance.
Make no mistake—Dachshunds are strong and resilient. Their sturdy, muscular frame and low chest make them stable and balanced.
All Dachshunds have long muzzles with a scissor bite. Their ears are floppy, and they frame their faces beautifully. Their almond-shaped eyes are wide-set, and their paws resemble paddles, which means that they can dig deep and fast. The tail is long and straight, while their noses always seem to be sniffing something.
Their size and coat can vary, so not all Doxies look the same. When it comes to their hair, the breed standards allow for three variations:
- Long and silky
- Short and smooth
Although the Wiry-Haired Dachshunds are the rarest of the three, they are equally as cute as the other two, if not even more attractive. Their coat consists of a wiry upper layer and a dense undercoat, so it may be the product of mixing the breed with certain types of Terriers. Their beard and thick eyebrows also point out that possibility. They may look a little less disproportionate than their smooth-haired cousins because of the hair, but their character is the same.
The size of these pooches can vary considerably, and there are two types recognized as the breed standards:
- Miniature Dachshund
- Standard Dachshund
Miniature Doxies weigh up to 11 lbs while standard-sized pups can be as massive as 32 lbs. Both variants show the same physical and personality traits. Mini Doxies might be more suitable for people in urban environments because of the often limited living spaces in big cities.
When it comes to color, their palette is broad. The most common combination is black and tan, but Dachshunds can be cream, red, and gray as well. Markings are not rare in the breed, and they are usually sable, brindle, boar, and dapple.
The color of the eyes and nose will match that of their coat. Darker pups will have black or brown noses and dark eyes, while the lighter ones can have blue eyes and Isabella-colored noses.
|Weight||Standard Dachshund: 16–32 lbs|
Miniature Dachshund: 9–11 lbs
|Height||Standard: 8–11 inches|
Miniature: 5–6 inches
|Coat type||● Wiry|
|Coat color||● Black|
|Shedding||Moderate to considerable|
|Temperament||Active and friendly|
|Life expectancy||12–16 years|
|Kid-friendly||Yes (if children are five and older)|
|New-owner-friendly||Yes (with proper training)|
|Breed recognition||Yes (American Kennel Club in 1885)|
Rough-Haired Dachshund Breed History
Doxies come from Germany. They are an old breed and can be traced back to the 15th century. Their primary role, in the beginning, was to hunt small prey, especially den animals, but they even participated in boar hunting.
Their long bodies made them suitable for following foxes and badgers into their dens and capturing them with their strong jaws. Hunters used Dachshunds’ long tails to pull them out of holes with prey between their teeth. An interesting Dachshund fact is that their name means “the badger dog” in German. Some experts say that Wire-Haired Doxies were developed for hunting in thick bushes.
As the need for hunting dwindled in Europe, the Badger Dogs became watchdogs and companions. Their loyalty to people and their loud bark proved to be useful features, even in urban households. The mini variant developed around that time.
In the late 19th century, Dachshunds came to America, where they soon rose to fame. It was there that their other nickname, the Sausage Dog, became common. It became more frequent during World War II when anything associated with Germany did not go well with people.
Even though the breed experienced a slight drop in popularity after the war, the Sausage Dog made a dashing comeback in the 1950s and remained a sought-after pet up to this day.
Wire-Haired Doxie–the Person Behind the Coat
Every new owner should get ready for a quick-tempered pet with a mind of their own. Even mini Wire-Haired Doxies are demanding in terms of training and integration. You need to be careful and avoid common mistakes in dog training.
Sausage Dogs are independent and stubborn individuals that like to have things their way. They are opinionated and vocal about their feelings, so they can turn into heavy barkers quickly.
The good news is that they are smart and affectionate, so if you make a tight bond with your pooch, there is nothing that they won’t do for you. Training is crucial, and with Doxies, it should start at an early age. In our article—best ways to train your puppy—you will find plenty of useful advice for training these youngsters.
Dachshunds are brave and loving, so if you take the time to understand them, you can raise a wonderful pet.
Rough-Coated Dachshund–Training Tricks and Tips
There are two crucial things to bear in mind when coming up with the best way to train your Wire-Haired Dachshund puppies:
- Their natural curiosity
- Their desire to chase things
Doxies are curious, and they love to explore. That is why you have to teach them house rules and basic commands from puppyhood. If you don’t, your home can turn into a playground, which can have devastating consequences for your furniture and appliances.
When outside, Badger Dogs tend to give in to their hunting instincts and wander off in search of prey. They like to run away as well, chasing whatever they may find interesting at the moment. To avoid this, you have to teach them commands like No and Stop. In urban areas, potential dangers lurk around every corner, so learning to comply with the rules is the only way for your pooch to stay safe.
Because of their proud and willful character, Coarse-Coated Doxies will react better to positive reinforcement, so Dachshund training should be based on rewards. Don’t underestimate the power of dog candy because most pups will do anything for a treat. You can also use gifts for Dachshund in the training process, they are going to love them!
Don’t hesitate to discipline your pup if they misbehave, but always stay within the limits of what’s reasonable and humane. Dachshunds are smart, and cruel punishments will only be counterproductive.
The best training collars can be of great assistance, especially if you are training a pooch for the first time. You should be aware, though, that they are not remote controls for dogs, and you are still the one who needs to do the work.
The only way to take control and gain the respect of your pup is to assume the role of the pack leader. This is even more true in the case of Doxies. They need to see that you are in charge. If you manage to accomplish this, they will look at you for permission and guidance in any new situation.
Wiry Doxie—Activity Routine
Sausage Dogs will never be suitable pets for couch potatoes. If you are not willing to spend a lot of time outdoors, avoid Dachshunds at all costs. Their hunting origins make them active and eager, so even mini Wired-Haired Doxies need to burn off energy frequently.
Although a couple of short walks per day should be enough to keep them calm, there are additional activities that are not to be neglected. Dachshunds need some off-the-leash time to explore, so you should include regular visits to the park into the exercise plan.
Due to their stubbornness, Sausage Dogs can become isolated and aggressive if not properly socialized. That is why they need to mingle and play with other dogs. You should attend doggy parties as often as possible if you want to raise an integrated and well-behaved pooch.
As territorial dogs, Doxies can develop into loud barkers, so you should introduce them to strangers whenever you get the chance. It’s a way for them to learn to trust other people. The same goes for unfamiliar environments. Try taking them somewhere new regularly, so that they can build confidence and courage.
Dachshunds are exceptionally intelligent, and they delight in mental activities as much as in physical exercises. Teaching them tricks is great because it keeps your pup entertained and attentive. Tricks can be exhausting as well, so it’s a great way to keep your pooch calm on a rainy day when you can’t spend a lot of time outside.
|Recommended miles/week||Activity minutes/day|
Harsh-Coat Dachshund’s Beauty Tricks
Most experts say that Doxies are easy to maintain, and that’s true. With harsh-coat pups, the beauty routine may be demanding because of the undercoat. All dogs with a second layer of hair tend to shed more, so unlike their cousins, Wiry Doxies will require a deshedder treatment at least once a month.
These canines are susceptible to skin problems, which are difficult to spot with long-haired and wire-haired Dachshunds. This is why regular dog grooming is essential. Make sure you stick to the best dog grooming tips, and make the process enjoyable for both you and your lovely pooch. If you notice they’re suffering from dry skin, it could be related to their nutrition. Consider adding Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids to their diet, for a shiny and lustrous coat.
For the wiry upper layer, you can use a regular brush once a week. Frequent bathing is not mandatory, but since Badger Dogs love to get dirty, it may become a standard requirement. Don’t hesitate to have their coat stripped two times a year to reduce the shedding and allow it to rejuvenate.
Their floppy ears are sensitive, so clean them regularly with wet wipes. The same goes for their teeth. Brush them as often as possible and give your pup any of the top 10 best dog dental chews to keep the gums healthy.
Nail clipping is obligatory, and if you are afraid that you may hurt your baby while doing it, take them to a beauty salon. You should try to participate in the grooming of your pooch as much as possible because it is a way to build trust and make a close bond with your furry friend.
Brushes for Coarse-Coat Dachshunds
|● Pin brush|
● Slicker brush
● Nail clippers
Wire-Haired Sausage Dog’s Appetite
Doxies with coarse coats are overeaters and will swallow pretty much anything that comes their way and resembles food. Maintaining a well-balanced diet will have to be your responsibility.
With their inclination towards obesity, sticking to the best dry dog food for small dogs is the best way to keep them fit. The menu should be versatile, so always add some of the best canned dog food to the mix.
With age, Doxies tend to get lazy and sleep a lot, so consider adjusting their diet and switching to the best senior dry dog food once they get older. Although a cup per day is the recommended portion, we would advise splitting it into two or three meals. Dachshunds can show signs of gastrointestinal problems, so smaller, more frequent meals are a better option.
As much as you love to spoil your baby, you shouldn’t trust their taste when it comes to food. Dogs tend to like the worst dry dog food. The same can be said about doggy sweets, so avoid the worst dog treat brands as well as the worst wet dog food brands. These will only make your baby gain weight.
If you are not sure which brands to choose, try any of the following as they are healthy, and all pups love them:
- Wellness Core Original Grain Free Dry Dog Food
- Hill’s Science Diet Dry Dog Food, Chicken Meal, Barley & Rice Recipe
- Royal Canin Canine Health Nutrition Adult Beauty Canned Dog Food
Keeping Your Wiry Dachshund Healthy
Although Sausage Dogs are healthy and resilient pets, it’s always better to be safe than sorry, so pay attention to the health of your pooch. Pure breeds, especially older ones, are easier to monitor because there is a lot of information regarding the potential risks to their well being.
Doxies usually don’t have big health issues and they are resilient dogs with a long lifespan. If you take proper care of your Dachshund, they can stay vital and energetic for a long time. Consult with your vet regularly and keep them active, and they will be happy and safe.
The biggest concern for Wieners stems from their most prominent and likable feature—their elongated spine. It makes them susceptible to back problems. You should try to prevent them from jumping as much as you can because that’s the quickest way for them to get hurt. This is easier said than done since they are active and playful pooches.
Most Dachshunds hurt their back indoors while jumping on sofas and chairs. If your pup likes to climb around the house, set up ramps to keep them safe. Try to support their bodies when you pick them up and don’t encourage them to stand on their back legs.
In case your beautiful Doxie becomes destructive the moment you leave the room or house, it means they may suffer from separation anxiety. Provide your pooch with a crate where they will feel safe when you’re gone.
Dachshunds – especially the Dapple variety – are susceptible to seizures episodes. If you notice that they suddenly start spasming, you need to react immediately.
You can check out other potential risks in the table below.
|● Intervertebral Disc Disease|
● Hip Dysplasia
● Progressive Retinal Atrophy
● Cushing’s Disease
|● Eye examination|
● Physical examination
● Hearing tests
● Blood tests
Harsh-Haired Dachshunds as Family Members
There’s no doubt that Doxies can be a wonderful addition to your family. They adapt easily to different climates and can be happy even in smaller apartments. They are people-oriented and brave, and since they like to spend time outside, they can help you be more active.
Training and socialization are essential. If you do that part right, they will be well-behaved, and they’ll get along with other pets and children. If your kids are under five, wait until they are a bit older and can understand that dogs are not toys.
Top Pros for Getting a Wiry Dachshund
- They are intelligent and loyal.
- They are adaptable and independent.
- They are healthy and resilient.
Top Cons to Consider Before Getting a Wire-Haired Dachshund
- They are challenging to train.
- They tend to shed more because of the undercoat.
- They can be territorial and loud.
It is crucial to understand both the positive and negative aspects of owning a dog before you let them into your family. They are loving creatures that deserve to be treated with respect and love, so changing your mind and getting rid of them would be irresponsible and unkind.
Adorable Dachshund Mix Breeds
We strongly advise you to choose adoption instead of buying, so if you have your heart set on a Wire-Haired Doxie, visit your local shelter. There might be a perfect puppy there, waiting just for you. For additional ideas, look at some of the best dog breeds to adopt.
- Claire, Roxanne St. Dachshund through the Snow. South Street Publishing, 2019.
- Brown, Nathan P., et al. “Development of a Canine Rigid Body Musculoskeletal Computer Model to Evaluate Gait.” Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, vol. 8, Nov. 2020, doi:10.3389/fbioe.2020.00150.
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